the his­tor­i­cal region of champagne

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Home to the epony­mous sparkling bev­er­age, the region of Champagne has been pro­duc­ing the finest of sparkling wines for ages.

Covering approx­i­mately 34,300 hectares of vine­yards, the Champagne AOC area is defined and demar­cated by a law dat­ing back to 1927. It is located about 150km east of Paris and cov­ers 319 vil­lages in five Departments. The Marne Department is home to 66% of the pro­duc­tion, while Aube accounts for 23% and Aisne, Haute-Marne and Seine et Marne total 11%.

Champagne boundary stone
wine cellar

Terroir and soil com­po­si­tion

With its north­ern loca­tion, harsh cli­mate, char­ac­ter­is­tic soil and hill­side vine­yards, the ter­roir is unique and orig­i­nal — like the wine it pro­duces.

It includes a mosaic of micro-vine­yards, each with a unique com­bi­na­tion of cli­mate, soil and topog­ra­phy. The north­ern loca­tion is char­ac­ter­ized by a cooler cli­mate and harsh weather con­di­tions, while oceanic influ­ences pro­vide rain­fall and slight fluc­tu­a­tions of sea­sonal tem­per­a­tures. The con­ti­nen­tal influ­ence brings ideal sun­shine, but often dev­as­tat­ing frost as well.

Wine slope
Hand on soil

Sites & vines

The vines of choice are mainly Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier as well as white Chardonnay, a selec­tion that per­fectly matches the char­ac­ter­is­tics of the ter­roir.

Accounting for 38% of the total pro­duc­tion, the pre­dom­i­nant grape vari­ety on the “Montagne des Reims” and the “Côte des Bar,” where cool cal­care­ous ter­rain can be found, is Pinot Noir, closely fol­lowed by the robust Pinot Meunier at 32%, a vari­ety that is bet­ter suited for the cold. Also known as the “king of the Côte des Blancs,” the Chardonnay vari­ety rep­re­sents 30% of planted grapes.

Red grapes
Champagne storage

Champagne Appelation „AOC“

Terroir, ori­gin, knowl­edge

The rules defin­ing who gets awarded the Appellation d’Origine Controlée label are very strict and sub­ject to ongo­ing opti­miza­tion and adap­ta­tion, going far beyond geo­graph­i­cal bound­aries. Every step in the man­u­fac­tur­ing process is closely inspected.


The des­ig­na­tion expresses the link between prod­uct, ter­roir and human skill.

AOC areas are rep­re­sen­ta­tive to the inter­ac­tion of the nat­ural envi­ron­ment and the skills of the wine­mak­ers. They pro­duce cham­pagnes with a spe­cial iden­tity and an extra­or­di­nary taste value.


Sites (crus), grape vari­eties, vin­tages and dosage, these are the ele­ments that can be com­bined in dif­fer­ent muta­tions — which makes for an amaz­ing selec­tion.

Blending is a process at the heart of champagne pro­duc­tion. It plays with the diver­sity of nature, the dif­fer­ent grape vari­eties and the best prod­ucts of the dif­fer­ent vin­tages to achieve unpar­al­leled unique­ness and the spe­cial char­ac­ter­is­tics of champagne wines.

Sites and vines

The Champagne region is home to 319 crus and 280,000 indi­vid­ual vine­yard plots, each with a very spe­cific pro­file and indi­vid­ual touch.

Depending on the ter­roir, the result varies and is typ­i­cal of the vari­ety and its oeno­log­i­cal expres­sion, which is best rec­og­nized in sin­gle vari­ety Champagne wines, such as Blanc de Blancs blended exclu­sively from white grapes or Blanc de Noirs blended exclu­sively from red grapes.

A clar­i­fi­ca­tion of terms

How the cham­pagnes dif­fer

Le brut „non-mil­lésimé”

This champagne blended from wines of dif­fer­ent vin­tages and sites is described as “non vin­tage.”


“Vintage Champagne” is made exclu­sively from wines of a sin­gle excep­tional har­vest, if the qual­ity is wor­thy of the dec­la­ra­tion.

Rosé champagne

This champagne has more color and body, which comes from either mac­er­at­ing the skins of red grapes or adding a small amount of “flat” red champagne wine.

Special cuvée champagne

A champagne result­ing from a unique assem­blage of young vin­tage wines that give it its exquis­ite taste.

hotel entrance

LOISIUM Champagne

Wine & Spa Hotel | Mutigny | Champagne, France

La vie est belle — French savoir vivre paired with nat­ural mate­ri­als and col­ors, 101 rooms & suites, a well­ness area and the per­fect loca­tion in the mid­dle of the vine­yards of Champagne.

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The new wine arrived!

  • EUR 45.00 voucher with your book­ing
  • LOISIUM Langenlois & Südsteiermark
  • redeemable in the LOISIUM vinothe­ques
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wine is poured


  • 2 nights
  • start­ing from EUR 156.00
    (20% off)
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couple enjoys wine in vineyard


  • 3 nights
  • start­ing from EUR 138.00
    (30% off)
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sun bed at the vineyard